A-bar Syntax: A Study in Movement Types by Gereon Müller

By Gereon Müller

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15 (32) a. Ich weiß nicht [cp wer¿ daß [ip t¿ ihn geküßt hat ]] I know not who nom that him kissed has b. Ich weiß nicht [cp warum» daß [ip sie t¿ ihn geküßt hat ]] I know not why that she him kissed has c. Ich weiß nicht [cp wen¿ daß [IP sie t¿ geküßt hat ]] I know not whomacC that she kissed has Finally, even successive-cyclic tu/nnovement across a complementizer daß to a landing site which immediately precedes another daß in the matrix clause is possible in (colloquial) German. : (33) a. Ich weiß nicht [cp wer¿ daß [IP er gemeint hat [cp t¿ daß [IP I know not who n0 m that he said has that ti ihn geküßt hat ]]]] him kissed has b.

For convenience, the notion of p-command (21) is repeated here. (21) P-Command ('projection-command'): a p-commands β iff (a) and (b) hold: a. No segment of a dominates β. b. If 7 is the first projection such that all segments of 7 dominate a , then all segments of 7 dominate β. According to (21), an X°-category X adjoined to another X°-category Y can p-command (hence, antecedent-govern) its trace only if the trace is included in the complement of Y. This is the case in an example like (42-c), if we make the assumption that direct objects are base-generated under V', as sisters of V.

12 With this in mind, consider typical examples of V/2 movement of subjects, adjuncts, and objects in a Germanic V/2 language like German, as in (29-a), (29-b), and (29-c), respectively. (29) a. [CP Wer¿ hatj [ip t¿ geschlafen t j ]] ? who nom has slept b. [CP Warum¿ bist, [IP du t¿ gekommen t j ]] ? why Eire you come c. [CP Wen¿ hastj [ip du t, gesehen t j ]] ? whorriacc have you seen I-to-C movement has opened up the IP barrier, and in line with this, not only object movement, but also subject and adjunct movement across IP is possible in (29).

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