A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

Including half 1 of an identical grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main distinct and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with jap of the outdated jap language of the Yamato zone throughout the Asuka Nara interval. It provides hundreds and hundreds of examples drawn not just from the key previous jap texts equivalent to the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but in addition from all minor extant texts similar to the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. it's also comparative fabric from jap previous eastern as soon as spoken within the sector approximately comparable to present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and infrequently from different surrounding languages. half 2 is followed through exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical kinds defined, linguistic kinds, own names, in addition to an index of all outdated eastern texts which are used as examples within the description.

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Additional resources for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions

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3 Thus, if the scribes in Ancient Japan were trying to adopt a syllabic writing system that did not have these contrasts, we would expect that they may not indicate the contrasts that were present in their own language either. Nevertheless, the morphophonological evidence discussed above is not going to disappear. It is therefore necessary in the future to scrutinize the text of the Nihonshoki kayo written in variety B of the man 'yogana (based directly on Late Middle Chinese) to see if any difference in usage between the Chinese characters that exhibit the contrasts *yi : *'}i and *wu : *'}u can be detected.

3 Thus, if the scribes in Ancient Japan were trying to adopt a syllabic writing system that did not have these contrasts, we would expect that they may not indicate the contrasts that were present in their own language either. Nevertheless, the morphophonological evidence discussed above is not going to disappear. It is therefore necessary in the future to scrutinize the text of the Nihonshoki kayo written in variety B of the man 'yogana (based directly on Late Middle Chinese) to see if any difference in usage between the Chinese characters that exhibit the contrasts *yi : *'}i and *wu : *'}u can be detected.

Great lord) will live safely and long (SNK 4) In the following two examples tapo naNka-ku and tapo naNka n-i 'for a long, long time' are used adverbially, but they still present the first adjectival stem separated from the modified verb by another adjective. Cf. also the EOJ example from MYS XIV: 3356 below, where tapo naNka-ky; 'distant and long' modifies a noun phrase, and not a verb. ~. ,om] TAKA t-u KAMIY-no WANSAPAPYI TAKA t-u TORI-no WANSAPAPYI high DV-ATTR deity-GEN calamity high DV-ATTR bird-GEN calamity calamities from deities high [in Heaven], calamities from birds high [in the sky] (NT 10) Cf.

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