By Andrew Butterfield, Gerard Ekembe Ngondi, Anne Kerr

Formerly named *A Dictionary of Computing*, this bestselling dictionary has been renamed *A Dictionary of computing device Science*, and completely revised by way of a staff of desktop experts, making it the main updated and authoritative advisor to computing on hand. Containing over 6,500 entries and with improved assurance of multimedia, laptop purposes, networking, and private desktop technology, it's a finished reference paintings encompassing all facets of the topic and is as worthy for domestic and place of work clients because it is imperative for college kids of laptop technological know-how.

Terms are outlined in a jargon-free and concise demeanour with necessary examples the place correct. The dictionary comprises nearly one hundred fifty new entries together with **cloud computing**, **cross-site scripting**, **iPad**, **semantic attack**, **smartphone**, and **virtual studying environment**. steered internet hyperlinks for plenty of entries, obtainable through the *Dictionary of desktop Science* spouse site, offer important additional info and the appendices comprise necessary assets corresponding to common domains, dossier extensions, and the Greek alphabet.

This dictionary is appropriate for someone who makes use of pcs, and is perfect for college students of desktop technology and the comparable fields of IT, maths, physics, media communications, digital engineering, and average sciences.

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**Additional info for A Dictionary of Computer Science**

**Example text**

Knuth–Bendix algorithm Knuth–Morris–Pratt algorithm Kolmogorov complexity Königsberg bridges problem Kraft’s inequality kriging Kronrod’s algorithm Kruskal’s algorithm label lambda calculus lambda expression lambda notation Lambert’s law LAMP LAN landscape language language concatenation language construct LAP Laplacian operator laptop computer large-scale integration laser laserdisk laser printer last in first out latch latch-up latency LaTeX Latin alphabet lattice layer lazy evaluation LBA LCA LCC LCD LCM LCSAJ LDAP LDU decomposition leader leading leading edge leadless chip carrier leaf leaf node learning leased line least common multiple least fixed point least privilege least significant character least squares, method of least squares approximation least upper bound LED display Lee distance left-linear grammar left shift left subtree left-to-right precedence legacy applications legacy networks legged robots Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Lempel–Ziv compaction Lempel–Ziv–Welch compaction length length-increasing grammar Lenovo Group Ltd LEO letter letter distribution letter-equivalent languages level leverage point LEX lexical analyser lexicographic order lexicographic sort LF Liang–Barsky clipping library life cycle LIFO light-emitting diode lighting model light intensity Lightning light pen Lightweight Directory Access Protocol likelihood limited license Linda Lindenmeyer system linear algebraic equations linear array linear-bounded automaton linear channel linear codes linear grammar linear independence linear list linear logic linearly dependent linear multistep methods linear predictor linear programming linear recurrence linear regression model linear structure line feed line finder line printer line protocol line switching link link access procedure linkage linkage editor LinkedIn link editor linked list link encryption link layer link library link loader link testing Linux liquid-crystal display Lisp list list box listing list insertion sort list processing list sorting list structure literal literate programming little-endian liveness LL parsing loader local local area network local bus local bus architecture local device local discretization error local-echo mode local error local illumination localization local loop local optimization location location operator locator lock lockout locks and keys lofting logarithmic search algorithm log file logic logical logical cohesion logical connective logical encoding logical expression logical formulas logical input device logical operator logical record logical schema logical shift logical type logical value logic analyser logic bomb logic card logic cell array logic circuit logic design logic device logic diagram logic element logic family logic function logic gate logic instruction logic languages logic level logic operation logic operator logic probe logic programming languages logic state logic symbols login logistic function logit Logo logoff logon logout long filename longitudinal redundancy check lookahead lookahead unit lookup table loop loop invariant lossless coding lossless compression lossy coding lossy compression Lotus 1–2–3 lower bound low-level language low-level scheduler low-pass filter lpm LPT port LQ LRC LRM LR parsing LSD LSI L-system LU decomposition luminance lurker Lycos LZW M Mac MAC MAC-48 MAC address Mach bands machine machine address machine code machine equivalence machine-independent machine intelligence machine language machine learning machine simulation machine translation machine word Macintosh MAC layer MACLisp macro macroassembler macrogenerator macroinstruction macroprocessor macro virus magnetic bubble memory magnetic card magnetic cell magnetic disk magnetic drum magnetic encoding magnetic head magnetic-ink character recognition magnetic media magnetic stripe magnetic tape magnetic tape cartridge magnetic tape unit magnetographic printer magneto-optic storage magnetostrictive tablet mag tape mail mailbox mailmerge mailshot mail user agent mainframe main memory main program main store maintenance majority element make malfunction malware MAN managed data network service managed device management information system manager Manchester Mark I mandatory access control MANET man-machine interface Mann Whitney U-test mantissa many-sorted algebra many-sorted predicate calculus many-sorted signature map MAP MAPI map method mapping marching cubes marching tetrahedra marginal check mark marker Markov chain Markov source mark reading mark-space ratio mark-up language marriage problem masking mask-programmable device masquerade massively parallel mass storage master master file mastering master record master–slave flip-flop master–slave system master tape matching mathematical programming matrix matrix inversion matrix multiplication matrix norm matrix printer matrix-updating methods maximize maximum-length sequence maximum likelihood, method of maximum-likelihood decoding max sort maxterm MB MBONE Mbps Mbyte MCA MCAV MCLs MCLV MCSs MDNS MDR Mealy machine mean mean deviation means/ends analysis measure measurement of appearance measures of location measures of variation mebi- mechanical verifier mechatronics Media Access Control address median medium meet operator mega- Megastream member member disk memory memory card memory compaction memory cycle memory data register memory dump memory element memory fill memory guard memory hierarchy memory management memory map memory mapping memory protection memory reference instruction memory-resident program memory stick memory-to-memory instruction menu menu bar menu bypass menu-driven program Mercurial mergeable heap merge exchange sort merge sort merging mesh mesh interconnection message message passing message queueing message switching message switching network meta-assembler metaballs metafile METAFONT metalanguage meta tag methodology methods metric metropolitan area network Mflops MFM M2FM MICR micro microblog microcircuit microcode microcomputer microcontroller microfiche microinstruction micropipeline microprocessor microprogramming microprogram sequencer microprogram store microrelief microsequence Microsoft middleware MIDI midi-tower midpoint rule migration path Millennium bug milli- Milnet MIMD processor MIME min minicomputer mini DIN connector minimal algebra minimal machine minimax minimax procedure minimization minimization operator minimize minimum-access code minimum-cost spanning tree minimum-error decoding Minitel minterm mipmap mips Miranda mirror disk mirroring mirror set mirror site MIS MISD processor missing observations mixed alphabet mixed-base system mixed cipher mixed logic mixed-radix system ML MMI MNP M-O MOB Mobile Code Languages mobile computing mobile robotics MOD modal dialogue modal logic mode model model-based reasoning model-based specification model checking modeless dialogue modelling modelling clip model numbers modem moderator modifier bits mod-n counter Modula Modula 2 modular arithmetic modular counter modular programming modulation modulator module module coding review module design review module invariant module specification module testing modulo-n check modulo operation MOHLL monadic monadic operation monalphabetic Mondex monic polynomial monitor monochrome display monoid monomode monomorphism monostable monotonic Monte Carlo methods MOO Moore machine Moore’s Law morphing morphism Mosaic MOSFET MOS integrated circuit MOS transistor most significant character motherboard moth-eye motion blur motion prediction Motorola Mount Rainier specifications mouse movement file moving-average methods MP3 MPEG MPP MSD MS-DOS m-sequence MSI MSR MS Windows MTA MTBF MTBI MTS MTTR MTU MUA mu-law encoding multiaccess system multiaddress Multibus multicasting multicore cable multi-core processor MULTICS multidimensional array multidimensional spreadsheet multidrop line multifunction device multigrid methods multilevel memory multilevel security multilinked multimedia multimedia mail multimode multimode counter multipart stationery multiple-address machine multiple assignment multiple chain multiple inheritance multiple instruction, multiple data multiple-master font multiple precision multiple-range tests multiple regression model multiple-valued logic multiplexed bus multiplexer multiplexer channel multiplexing multiplier multiply connected multipoint connection multipoint line multiport memory multiprecision multiprocessing system multiprocessor multiprogramming system multireader multiresolution image multisession compatible multiset multitape Turing machine multitasking multithreading multitouch multiunit processor multiuser system multivalued logic multivariate analysis multivibrator multiway search tree Munsell colour model mu operator mutual exclusion Myhill equivalence MySpace mySQL nagware naive physics NAK name name lookup nameset namespace NAND gate NAND operation nano- nanostore narrow narrowband NAS Nassi–Shneiderman chart NAT National Information Infrastructure native code native software natural binary-coded decimal natural-language processing natural-language understanding natural number NBCD NCP NCR NDC NEC Corporation negation negation as failure negative acknowledgment negative logic negator negentropy neighbour nerd Nerode equivalence nested blocks nesting nesting store Net netgod netiquette Netnews netpolice Netscape Navigator Netware network network address translation network administrator network architecture network-attached storage network delay Network File System network front end network interconnection network layer network management network share network topology network virtual terminal neural computer neural network neuron newsgroup newsreader Newton–Cotes rules Newton’s method NFS nibble Nigerian fraud nine’s complement N-ISDN NLP NLQ NMOS no-address instruction node Noetherian noise noise immunity noiseless coding noise margin noise sequence noise source noisy mode nonbinary logic nondestructive read nondeterminism nonequivalence gate nonequivalence operation nonerasable programmable device nonfunctional requirements nonhierarchical cluster analysis nonimpact printer nonlinear equations nonlinear regression model nonlocal entity nonmemory reference instruction nonmonotonic reasoning nonparametric techniques nonpreemptive allocation nonprocedural language nonreturn to zero nonsingular matrix nonstop processing nonterminal nonterminal node nonvolatile memory non von Neumann architecture no-op instruction NOR gate norm normal distribution normal forms normalization normalized coordinates normal plots normal subgroup NOR operation NOS NoSQL notch filter notebook not-equivalence gate NOT gate NOT operation Novell Inc.

How to search for terms in A Dictionary of Computer Science To find an entry in this e-book you can: • Browse the Alphabetical List of Entries and select the entry you would like to view or • Use your Search function to be taken to a complete list of references to your search term in the Dictionary ◦ If your search term has its own entry, it will usually be listed at the top of your results ◦ In cases where your search term appears in more than one entry heading, the results will be listed alphabetically A note on special characters While most e-readers can display special characters (such as é and â), many cannot search for words containing them, unless the special characters themselves are typed into the search box.

How to search for terms in A Dictionary of Computer Science To find an entry in this e-book you can: • Browse the Alphabetical List of Entries and select the entry you would like to view or • Use your Search function to be taken to a complete list of references to your search term in the Dictionary ◦ If your search term has its own entry, it will usually be listed at the top of your results ◦ In cases where your search term appears in more than one entry heading, the results will be listed alphabetically A note on special characters While most e-readers can display special characters (such as é and â), many cannot search for words containing them, unless the special characters themselves are typed into the search box.