By Michael Allaby
This dictionary of earth sciences has been revised and up-to-date and includes over 6000 entries, together with planetary technology, distant sensing, records, and series stratigraphy, and gigantic updating in paleontology, mineralogy, and geophysics.
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Earth Sciences
As this air moves north- 28 ward over warmer waters it becomes convectively unstable. Antarctic bottom water (AABW) A dense bottom-water mass, formed in the Weddell and Ross Seas, which moves in an easterly direction around Antarctica under the inﬂuence of the deep-reaching, wind-driven surface *Antarctic Circumpolar Current (West Wind Drift). 4 °C). The high salinity and dense nature is caused by the removal of pure water as sea ice. Antarctic Circumpolar Current (West Wind Drift) The largest and most important ocean current in the southern hemisphere.
The kingdom includes all animals other than protozoons (some of which are colonial); *Porifera (sponges) are sometimes excluded because their structure differs markedly from that of other animals. Animals ﬁrst appeared in the *Precambrian, the Porifera from one 27 kind of *protist forebear, and all other animals from another (or possibly more than one other) protist. The oldest fossils are burrows of a *coelomate in rocks rather less than 700 Ma old. Animikian A *system of the *Palaeoproterozoic dated at about 2 225–2 050 Ma (Int.
Anticyclone Area or system of high atmospheric pressure that has a characteristic pattern of air circulation, with subsiding air and horizontal divergence of the air near the surface in its central region. Winds are generally light because of small pressure gradients; they ﬂow clockwise in the northern hemisphere and anticlockwise in the southern hemisphere. A *temperature inversion is common at the base of the air subsidence, and this restricts the vertical development of cloud. Weather conditions are generally settled.