By Mark Harvey
This grammar presents an total description of Gaagudju, a now approximately extinct language of northern Australia. Gaagudju differs from such a lot formerly defined Australian languages in a couple of methods. It indicates marked alterations within the realizations of under pressure and unstressed syllables. It has complicated structures of prefixation in addition to suffixation. there's a transparent contrast among efficient and unproductive morphology, with a large number of the morphology being unproductive. whereas be aware order is usually loose, strictly ordered phrasal compounding buildings are very important.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Gaagudju
The two Evitative verb forms following, illustrate the contrast after schwa as opposed to [a] vowel realisations. ' [jemäai$a] ~[j-emaai$ja] ~ *[j-emaa$ja] Both verbal forms involve the same suffix form -ya, and both verb stems have a final /a/. In (2-72), where the stem-final vowel is short and realised as schwa, the suffix is realised as [$ja], with a preceding syllable boundary. In (2-73), on the other hand, there is no obligatory [j] realisation. Rather, the Evitative suffix is obligatorily realised as [i$a], with a syllable boundary between the segments making up the suffix.
The morpheme-final contrast is rare. 1). 1). However the following pairs establish that the distribution of alveolare and retroflexes is not predictable. (2-15) η : rn 1: rl marlandjibaardal 'to become dark' 'tree sp' maardarn maarlarl 'few' 'leaf Retroflexion is usually distinguishable by a fairly clear [X] off-glide on the preceding vowel. Vowels also tend to be slightly longer before retroflexes than before alveolare. Distinguishing alveolars and retroflexes is chiefly problematic when they occur as the initial consonant in a stressed syllable.
It is therefore necessary to analyse g > 0 and g > w as two separate developments. There is also one situation where lenition occurred in an environment which otherwise barred lenition. The '3I<3F' and 'III<3F' prefix combinations have the forms 0-iDJ- and m-iDJ- respectively, with a final DJ morphophoneme. 5). These are the forms found before the verb root ga- 'to take', in its non-leniting main verb function. ' The consonant cluster /djg/ should not be affected by lenition. However the standard form found with leniting coverb and verb roots does show lenition.