A Grammar of Gaagudju by Mark Harvey

By Mark Harvey

This grammar presents an total description of Gaagudju, a now approximately extinct language of northern Australia. Gaagudju differs from such a lot formerly defined Australian languages in a couple of methods. It indicates marked alterations within the realizations of under pressure and unstressed syllables. It has complicated structures of prefixation in addition to suffixation. there's a transparent contrast among efficient and unproductive morphology, with a large number of the morphology being unproductive. whereas be aware order is usually loose, strictly ordered phrasal compounding buildings are very important.

Show description

Read Online or Download A Grammar of Gaagudju PDF

Similar grammar books

On Writing Well: An Informal Guide to Writing Nonfiction (30th Anniversary Edition)

On Writing good has been praised for its sound recommendation, its readability and the heat of its kind. it's a e-book for everyone who desires to how one can write or who must do a little writing to get during the day, as virtually all people does within the age of electronic mail and the web. even if you must write approximately humans or locations, technological know-how and know-how, company, activities, the humanities or approximately your self within the more and more well known memoir style, On Writing good provides you with primary priciples in addition to the insights of a amazing author and instructor.

Grammar Can Be Fun

Filenote: PDF is searchable picture ocr. PDF is fifty six pages. back and front conceal with within flaps scanned.
Publish 12 months notice: First pubished in 1934 by way of Frederick A. Stokes (A J B Lippincott Company). This replica is the twenty eighth impression.
ISBN notice: no ISBN, Library of Congress Card, quantity 34-29533

Grammar might be enjoyable is an image ebook with some degree: right speech and reliable grammar with out nagging. It goals to take away “ain’t” and “uh-huh” and “gimme” and “got” and a ranking of unlucky nuances by means of an easy, convinced painless and funny strategy. In his signature form of fun stick determine drawings and captions, Leaf makes transparent things like the variation among can and will, and explanation why one doesn't say “he performed it” or “she come. ”

Exasperated mom and dad (and grandparents) confronted with the disagreeable job of facing grammatical lapses got by means of their young ones from (gasp! ) their neighbor’s kids might be overjoyed (and relieved) by way of this veritable “grammar with out tears. ” lecturers will locate it an essential best friend, or even the culprits themselves—the children—will realize that studying to talk with courtesy and properly isn’t the sort of chore in the end.

Modality and subordinators

This publication connects linguistic phenomena, modality and subordinators, in order that either are noticeable in a brand new mild, every one including to the knowledge of the opposite. It argues that basic subordinators (or complementizers) denote propositional modality (otherwise expressed through moods akin to the indicative-subjunctive and epistemic-evidential modal markers).

Negation and Polarity: Syntactic and Symantic Perspectives

This booklet offers an in depth exploration of negation and unfavourable polarity phenomena and their implications for linguistic thought. together with new, especially commissioned paintings from a number of the top eu, American, and jap students, Negation and Polarity covers the entire major ways to this subject--syntactic, pragmatic, semantic, and cognitive--in numerous language contexts.

Extra resources for A Grammar of Gaagudju

Sample text

The two Evitative verb forms following, illustrate the contrast after schwa as opposed to [a] vowel realisations. ' [jemäai$a] ~[j-emaai$ja] ~ *[j-emaa$ja] Both verbal forms involve the same suffix form -ya, and both verb stems have a final /a/. In (2-72), where the stem-final vowel is short and realised as schwa, the suffix is realised as [$ja], with a preceding syllable boundary. In (2-73), on the other hand, there is no obligatory [j] realisation. Rather, the Evitative suffix is obligatorily realised as [i$a], with a syllable boundary between the segments making up the suffix.

The morpheme-final contrast is rare. 1). 1). However the following pairs establish that the distribution of alveolare and retroflexes is not predictable. (2-15) η : rn 1: rl marlandjibaardal 'to become dark' 'tree sp' maardarn maarlarl 'few' 'leaf Retroflexion is usually distinguishable by a fairly clear [X] off-glide on the preceding vowel. Vowels also tend to be slightly longer before retroflexes than before alveolare. Distinguishing alveolars and retroflexes is chiefly problematic when they occur as the initial consonant in a stressed syllable.

It is therefore necessary to analyse g > 0 and g > w as two separate developments. There is also one situation where lenition occurred in an environment which otherwise barred lenition. The '3I<3F' and 'III<3F' prefix combinations have the forms 0-iDJ- and m-iDJ- respectively, with a final DJ morphophoneme. 5). These are the forms found before the verb root ga- 'to take', in its non-leniting main verb function. ' The consonant cluster /djg/ should not be affected by lenition. However the standard form found with leniting coverb and verb roots does show lenition.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.05 of 5 – based on 17 votes