A Grammar of Guìqióng: A Language of Sichuan by Jiang Li

By Jiang Li

In A Grammar of Guiqiong, Jiang Li describes the grammar of Guiqiong, a hitherto undocumented language spoken by means of alpine humans in Kangding county, China. Guiqiong has much to provide in its phonology, verbal and nominal morphology, syntax and thesaurus, distinguishing itself from the neighbouring Tibetan, chinese language, Qiangic and Loloish languages. The newly stumbled on positive factors of Guiqiong contain breathy vs. modal voice, indefinite quantity, ablative, ergative, instrumental, dative and genitive case markers, subject and emphatic markers, the diminutive suffixes, the pronominal and deictic platforms, demonstratives and numerals, a wealthy shop of differentiated copular verbs expressing equationality, inchoative, animacy vs. inanimacy, based life and negation, verbal affixes indicating instructions, current annoying of skilled perceptions, gnomic annoying, perfective vs. imperfective point, modality and evidentiality.

Show description

Read or Download A Grammar of Guìqióng: A Language of Sichuan PDF

Similar grammar books

On Writing Well: An Informal Guide to Writing Nonfiction (30th Anniversary Edition)

On Writing good has been praised for its sound recommendation, its readability and the heat of its variety. it's a e-book for everyone who desires to how you can write or who must do a little writing to get throughout the day, as nearly everyone does within the age of electronic mail and the net. even if you must write approximately humans or locations, technological know-how and know-how, company, activities, the humanities or approximately your self within the more and more well known memoir style, On Writing good provides you with basic priciples in addition to the insights of a unique author and instructor.

Grammar Can Be Fun

Filenote: PDF is searchable photo ocr. PDF is fifty six pages. back and front hide with within flaps scanned.
Publish yr observe: First pubished in 1934 through Frederick A. Stokes (A J B Lippincott Company). This replica is the twenty eighth impression.
ISBN word: no ISBN, Library of Congress Card, quantity 34-29533

Grammar could be enjoyable is an image ebook with some extent: right speech and reliable grammar with out nagging. It goals to take away “ain’t” and “uh-huh” and “gimme” and “got” and a ranking of unlucky nuances through an easy, convinced painless and funny method. In his signature variety of fun stick determine drawings and captions, Leaf makes transparent things like the variation among can and should, and the explanation why one doesn't say “he performed it” or “she come. ”

Exasperated mom and dad (and grandparents) confronted with the disagreeable job of facing grammatical lapses got by means of their young children from (gasp! ) their neighbor’s childrens might be thrilled (and relieved) by way of this veritable “grammar with no tears. ” lecturers will locate it an imperative best friend, or even the culprits themselves—the children—will become aware of that studying to talk in a well mannered way and properly isn’t any such chore finally.

Modality and subordinators

This e-book connects linguistic phenomena, modality and subordinators, in order that either are visible in a brand new mild, every one including to the certainty of the opposite. It argues that normal subordinators (or complementizers) denote propositional modality (otherwise expressed by means of moods akin to the indicative-subjunctive and epistemic-evidential modal markers).

Negation and Polarity: Syntactic and Symantic Perspectives

This booklet presents an in depth exploration of negation and adverse polarity phenomena and their implications for linguistic idea. together with new, in particular commissioned paintings from a number of the major ecu, American, and jap students, Negation and Polarity covers the entire major methods to this subject--syntactic, pragmatic, semantic, and cognitive--in numerous language contexts.

Extra info for A Grammar of Guìqióng: A Language of Sichuan

Example text

3 Guìqióng Tones and Initials So far Guìqióng researchers tend to agree that Guìqióng is a tonal language. According to an earlier study by Sūn Hóngkāi (1982), Guìqióng has four tones, the medial level (33), the high level (55), the high falling (53) and the high rising (35). Huáng Bùfán’s study in 1992 argues that Guìqióng has three major tones, 55, 35, 31 in Chao tone letters and two minor tones, of which the medial level (33) is seen as a neutral tone and the contour tone 53 as a permissible substitute for word-final high level tone.

Nowadays the most popular Guìqióng festival is Zhuǎnshānhuì 转山会, the Round the Mountains Meet, celebrated on September 11, lunar calendar. People of the same village, usually close relatives after centuries of intermarriages, would donate money and food for the celebration of the occasion. Local priests or gəmə will dance ahead of the procession along the fixed alpine route, praying, chanting while sprinkling the walk with food and drinks to the gods of the mountains. The mountains were addressed with the names of their gods.

Bu ‘carry; exist (dependently)’, ʐi ‘mountain’ and nɐ ‘chicken’. g. tshui ‘mouse’ and tʂɛi ‘breakfast’. g. ’jɐŋ ‘wheat’ and ’mu ‘short’. The high tone of syllables with approximant and nasal initials is thus marked with an apostrophe before the initial phoneme, as is shown in the table. g. dz’ɐnχɐn ‘tobacco’, as is shown in the table. After table 4, the pronunciation of the 60 Guìqióng consonants will be individually described, beginning with the uvular and the glottal. g. χɐ ‘eagle’, ʁɐ ‘yell’ and ʁ’ɐ ‘voimit’.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.30 of 5 – based on 43 votes