A Grammar of Kalaallisut (West Greenlandic lnuttut) by Jerrold M. Sadock

By Jerrold M. Sadock

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Additional resources for A Grammar of Kalaallisut (West Greenlandic lnuttut) (Languages of the World - Materials)

Example text

1976:34). Conjunction of clauses with disjoint subjects is by means of two clauses in the same, non-conjunctive mood. 1/n a special construction with the causative derivational affzx (-tik-), the conjunctive expresses simultaneity. Here it can be used whether or not the non-causative verb has the same subject as the superordinate clause because this agentivizing affix changes the semantic subject of the subordinate proposition. The apparent meaning of the construction is "(A) allowing (B) to VPl, A does VP2".

3 Ablative. 4) to express the relation that would be expressed by the ergative of the corresponding transitive verb. The ablative is also used to express the standard of comparison with verbs bearing 'the comparative derivational affix (-niru-). homesick-more=IND/3s" (Fortescue 1984: I 68). , meeraaninnit "since my childhood" (miiraq-u-niq=nnit) 59 58 "child-be-ANOM=ABUI s". 4 Equative. The equative expresses the obligatorily stated standard of comparison with verbs formed with the suffix ( -tigE-) "to do as much as".

On the other hand, there are inflections, or uses of inflections, that are purely morphological, having neither semantic content nor counting as syntactic constituents. 1 The non-third person personal inflections of verbs and nouns in WG are definite referential arguments in semantics and absolutive or ergative terms in syntax. Since the personal inflections can count as syntactic terms, a noun with its personal inflection can count as an NP in syntax and a verb with its personal inflection can count as a clause.

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