A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of by Thomas Lehmann

By Thomas Lehmann

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Additional info for A grammar of modern Tamil (Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture publication)

Example text

There are three different nominalizing suffixes occurring after the verb stem and thus three types of untensed verbal nouns: MORPHOLOGY cey 'do' (class I) : cey-kai pati 'study' (class VI) : pati-kkai Turning now to the tensed verbal nouns, there are three forms of the tensed verbal noun marked for the three tenses, respectively. In addition, there is one negative form which is tenseless. These forms are formed by adding the tense or negative suffix to the verb stem and then affixing the nominalizing suffix -atu.

In this case the verbal participle morpheme is not overtly expressed by a suffix. 18-27. 52 Conditional The third tenseless finite verb form is the conditional, which occurs both in a positive and negative form. The positive conditional of the verb is A GRAMMAR OF MODERN TAMIL 74 formed by adding the phoneme cluster of the past tense allomorph to the verb stem and then affixing the suffix -aal. Hereby, the phoneme cluster of the past tense allomorph does not contrast with present or future tense allomorphs and does not have a semantic function, that is reference to past time.

See now the table of the seven classes of verbs and the respective tense suffixes. TABLE 6. Verb classes and their tense suffixes. Class I II HI IV V VI VII Present Tense Past Tense Future Tense -kir-kir-ki'r- -t-nt-in-idoubling -t-tt-nt- -v- -kir-ki'r-kkir-kkir- -V-V-V- -p-pp-pp- Verbs of class I to IV have a weak stem, verbs of class V have a middle stem, and verbs of class VI and VII have a strong stem. 31 for the definition of a weak, middle, and strong stem. As noted in the above tabulation, with verbs of class IV, which all end in tu, ru or kju, the past tense morpheme is not realized by a tense suffix, but by reduplication of the consonant of the final syllable tu, ru or ku.

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