A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to by Aidan Doyle

By Aidan Doyle

During this ebook, Aidan Doyle strains the historical past of the Irish language from the time of the Norman invasion on the finish of the twelfth century to independence in 1922, combining political, cultural, and linguistic background. The publication is split into seven major chapters that target a particular interval within the background of the language; they each one commence with a dialogue of the exterior historical past and place of the Irish language within the interval, prior to relocating directly to examine the real inner adjustments that happened at the moment. A background of the Irish Language makes on hand for the 1st time fabric that has formerly been inaccessible to scholars and students who can't learn Irish, and should be a beneficial source not just for undergraduate scholars of the language, yet for all these attracted to Irish heritage and tradition.

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Thus, we find a large number of words associated with the new legal and administrative system introduced by the Anglo-Normans. Words like constábla ‘constable’ belong to this group. g. áirseoir ‘archer’. Many new items refer to domestic life and activities; an example would be sabhsa ‘sauce’. g. seiminéar ‘chimney’. Finally, there are new consumer goods like fínéagra ‘vinegar’. Here are some words which entered Irish at this time and which are still part of the language: () bagún ‘bacon’, buidéal ‘bottle’, captaoin ‘captain’, clóca ‘cloak’, clós ‘close, yard’, cófra ‘coffer, chest’, cóta ‘coat’, cúirt ‘court’, cupa ‘cup’, dínér ‘dinner’, gúna ‘gown’, méara ‘mayor’, ósta ‘inn’ (< oste), páipéar ‘paper’, paróiste ‘parish’, pláta ‘plate’, plúr ‘flour’, séipéal ‘chapel’, seomra ‘chamber’, siúcra ‘sugar’ ospidéal ‘hospital’, túr ‘tower’ Some new verbs entered the language as well at this time.

It is true that the filí wrote in verse, but the subject matter was not personal. First and foremost they celebrated the deeds of the dynasty they were attached to. OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 13/5/2015, SPi  THE ANGLO - NORMANS AND THEIR HERITAGE (–) The file was employed by a patron, the local chieftain, to praise him and his family, to enumerate his illustrious ancestors, and to mourn his death. The poems produced were highly conventional, and were written in special metres. , but it represents a high register.

In English, we use the form cat (singular) when there is only one animal involved, and cats (plural) when there is more than one present in the discourse. There is a change in form from cat → cats, indicated by the presence of -s, but we are still talking about the same animal. The change in meaning might be described as grammatical, in the sense that we are not changing the object of discourse, merely providing some extra information about it. Languages which exploit this device a lot are called (highly) inflected languages.

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