A vocabulary and outlines of grammar of the Nitlakapamuk or by J B Good

By J B Good

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Additional info for A vocabulary and outlines of grammar of the Nitlakapamuk or Thompson tongue : the Indian language spoken between Yale, Lillooet, Cache Creek and Nicola Lake : together with a phonetic Chinook dictionary, adapted for use in the province of British Columbia

Example text

D. [ np was reported [ that [S2 np was given Johni a bookj]]] [ np was reported [ that [S2 Johni was given ti a bookj ]]] [ Johni was reported [ that [S2 ti was given ti a bookj]]] [ Johni was reported [ that [S2 a bookj was given ti tj ]]] (31) a. b. *John was reported that a book was given. *John was reported a book to have been given. , to have been given. In (30d) Johni binds a trace in a tensed sentence (S′2), thereby violating the Opacity Principle (specifically the TSC (27i)). The trace of Johni is also in the domain of a specified subject, a bookj.

John was reported that a book was given. *John was reported a book to have been given. , to have been given. In (30d) Johni binds a trace in a tensed sentence (S′2), thereby violating the Opacity Principle (specifically the TSC (27i)). The trace of Johni is also in the domain of a specified subject, a bookj. Therefore, even if the complement in (30) were nonfinite (as in (31b)), the binding between Johni and its trace would still violate the Opacity Principle—in this instance, the SSC (27ii). 2 Wh movements When a sentential complement contains a double object verb whose objects are both whphrases, a derivation that violates the SCC is similar in result to (30).

Since (24) yields a grammatical sentence, this interpretation must be rejected. Instead, a local interpretation of the Opacity Principle is required. Towards this end, we observe that there is a crucial difference between the structures in (24) and (22c)—namely, no possible antecedent intervenes between Jilli and ti in (22c), whereas ti in the embedded subject intervenes between Jilli and the ti of the embedded predicate in (24). Thus, in (24), neither the binding between the matrix subject and the embedded subject nor the binding between the embedded subject and the embedded object violates the Opacity Principle.

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