By Axel Schuessler
This can be the 1st actual etymological dictionary of previous chinese language written in any language. As such, it constitutes a milestone in learn at the evolution of the Sinitic language crew. while prior reviews have emphasised the constitution of the chinese language characters, this pathbreaking dictionary locations basic emphasis at the sounds and meanings of Sinitic roots. in response to greater than 3 a long time of in depth research in fundamental and secondary resources, this thoroughly new dictionary locations previous chinese language squarely in the Sino-Tibetan language relations (including shut attention of diverse Tiberto-Burman languages), whereas paying due regard to different language households similar to Austroasiatic, Miao-Yao (Hmong-Mien), and Kam-Tai.
Designed to be used through nonspecialists and experts alike, the dictionary is very available, being prepared in alphabetical order and possessed of various leading edge lexicographical positive aspects. every one access bargains a number of attainable etymologies in addition to reconstructed pronunciations and different appropriate information. phrases which are morphologically comparable are grouped jointly into ''word families'' that try and make specific the derivational or different etymological strategies that relate them. The dictionary is preceded through a significant and important advent that outlines the authorвЂ™s perspectives at the linguistic place of chinese language inside Asia and information the phonological and morphological homes, to the measure they're identified, of the earliest levels of the chinese and its ancestor. This creation, since it either summaries and synthesizes previous paintings and makes numerous unique contributions, capabilities as an invaluable reference paintings all by itself.
The ABC Etymological Dictionary of outdated chinese language is a huge success within the background of chinese language linguistics, providing many new hypotheses and systematically comparing and incorporating previous scholarship. will probably be warmly welcomed via students in a large choice of China- and Asia-related fields, together with early chinese, literature, tradition, and inspiration in addition to the wider cultural-linguistic panorama of prehistorical East and Southeast Asia.
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Additional resources for ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese
Ens 'be at ease' ST *(r)we 'rain' (-'t yun? ' WT rabs 'lineage' ST *wam 'blaze' (-+ yan3 iR:) These variants cannot be the result of early ST dialectal evolution, because they do not correspond in a systematic way to later branches of ST; also, on occasion, both are found in the same language, frequently CH. We may speculate that Ur-ST complex sound clusters might have been responsible, thus ST *sriI] vs. *k-srilJ ? > *sring vs. *k-siI]; or ST *lwam ? > *lam - *wam. Eventually, simple explanations may be found.
ST *smey, OTib. 4). MC zj- and initial voicelessness often have direct cognates with s-prefix in TB languages. Words with these initials, therefore, include material directly inherited from ST and belong to the oldest morphological layer in CH. However, words with MC initial s- (from earlier s-prefix) hardly ever have TB counterparts. Therefore, the ST *s- was still a productive morpheme in PCH which explains (a) its occurrence in uniquely CH words, and (b) its survival as MC s- because its meaning remained transparent.
The most common morphological tones are B shlingsheng and C qusheng. which together with initial voicing form a derivational system which marks direction and diathesis (§4). 4) (LHan after the graph): zhf tSg, *tg zhl 11::. tSgB, *tg? , qii] IT [khU A ] *khwg 'village' 3. Lushai khua H < khua. , biii S [pakJ *prak 'hundred' vs. WT brgya, WB d-ra A . The rare tone A 'derivations' are nouns from stems that have an inherent tone B, tone C, or a final stop consonant. 8). Rain yu [wa B] 'rain' > yu ~ [wa A ] 'sacrifice with prayer for rain' 'Rain' yu is a widely attested ST word; it can be set up as ST *wa?