Addressing the Challenge: Recommendations and Quality by Jörn Birkmann, Jorn Birkmann, Gerd Tetzlaff, Karl-Otto

By Jörn Birkmann, Jorn Birkmann, Gerd Tetzlaff, Karl-Otto Zentel

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What needs to be improved and what is acceptable as it is? 100 90 Evaluation in % 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 ■ Needs to be improved ■ Is acceptable as it is 0 a b c d e f g h a) Strategies to deal with the uncertainty of effects of climate change b) Availability of climate change data c) Information about relevant institutions and stakeholders for CCA d) Reliable information on extreme events e) Spatial resolution of climate change data f) A better cooperation between responsible actors and institutions g) Better linking of short and long-term strategies h) More coherent funding schemes regarding CCA and DRR Figure 7: Areas where improvement is needed in climate change adaptation strategies | Source: own figure based on standardized expert interviews ■ 35 The recommendations have been elaborated on the basis of the standardized and non-standardized expert interviews and additional research in the field and, together with the quality criteria, provide an important orientation for future strategies that aim to promote climate change adaptation to extreme events.

For example, shortterm interventions after disasters might be too limited to address major aspects of adaptation to climate change. Hence, temporal scales play a vital role. Current national adaptation strategies might be too broad in order to be meaningful to local stakeholders and therefore a mismatch of the applied spatial scales occurs. These examples underline the necessity to consider scale problems and mismatches more in-depth when linking DRR and CCA. In this context scale-mismatches can be identified on three different types of scales: The spatial, the temporal and the functional scale.

2006 in the context of resilience). The lack of coordination between different agencies and ministries involved in DRR and CCA is factor that often leads to mismatches in addressing the problem and appropriate solutions. For example, in most countries, climate change issues have been tackled by the environmental ministries and meteorological services whereas disaster risk manage- ment often lies within the responsibility of the ministry of the interior, defense or development. Differences in their respective mandate, programs and sets of measures on how to deal with climate change issues on the one and disaster risk reduction on the other hand provide great difficulty when developing a coherent strategy between DRR and CCA as well as when addressing the right functional scale of adaptation strategies.

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