By Erdman Palmore PhD
During this up to date variation, Palmore presents a finished overview for lots of diversified types of ageism together with the curiosity inspiration of confident ageism, which tasks onto the aged as a bunch conventional virtues like knowledge. He discusses either person and social affects on attitudes in the direction of the elderly; analyzes institutional styles of ageism; and explores how one can decrease the influence of ageism at the aged. This ebook is a invaluable source and textual content for college students and pros attracted to the sociology of getting older in our society.
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Extra info for Ageism: Negative and Positive
Negative attitudes are negative feelings about a group. Stereotypes are more cognitive, and attitudes are more affective, although both tend to go together. 1 ). 1 Types of Ageism • 19 • 20 CONCEPTS Negative Stereotypes There are at least nine major stereotypes that reflect negative prejudice toward elders: illness, impotency, ugliness, mental decline, mental illness, uselessness, isolation, poverty, and depression. For each stereotype, we will first review the evidence for the frequency of the stereotype and then the facts about its validity.
Illness Perhaps the most common prejudice against elders is that most are sick or disabled. About half of Americans think that poor health is a "very serious problem" for most people over 65 (Harris, 1981). Earlier surveys found that from one fifth to two thirds of various groups agree with the following statements: older people "spend much time in bed because of illness"; "have many accidents in the home"; "have poor coordination"; "feel tired most of the time"; and "develop infection easily" (Tuckman & Lorge, 1958).
Positive Stereotypes Much less attention has been paid to positive ageism than to negative ageism for several reasons: positive ageism is less common, and it is not harmful to elders. Nevertheless, there are many positive stereotypes about elders, and there are many people who have generally positive attitudes toward elders. There are at least eight major positive stereotypes that many people believe: kindness, wisdom, dependability, affluence, political power, freedom, eternal youth, and happiness.